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Myanmar poverty deepens, economic growth stagnant, World Bank says

Myanmar poverty deepens, economic growth stagnant, World Bank says
The country's grinding civil war has led to the displacement of over 3 million people and brought poverty rates to 32.1 per cent.
PHOTO: Reuters

YANGON —?Poverty in Myanmar is more widespread than at any time in the last six years and growth in the conflict-torn nation is likely to remain at a measly one?per cent in the current fiscal year with little respite in sight, the World Bank said on June 12.

Escalating violence, labour shortages and a depreciating currency have made it harder to do business, the bank said in a report on the South-east Asian nation that has been in political and economic turmoil since a 2021 military coup ended a decade of tentative democratic and economic reform.

In December 2023, the World Bank had projected Myanmar's economy would grow by around two?per cent during the current fiscal year, after estimated GDP growth of one?per cent in the year that ended in March 2024.

"The downward revision in projected growth for 2024/25 is largely due to the persistence of high inflation and constraints on access to labour, foreign exchange, and electricity, all of which are likely to have larger impacts on activity than was previously expected," the World Bank said in a report.

A junta spokesman did not respond to a call from Reuters seeking comment.

The country's grinding civil war, where a collection of new armed groups and established ethnic armies are beating back the junta, has led to the displacement of over three?million people and brought poverty rates to 32.1 per cent, reverting to 2015 levels, according to the World Bank.

"The depth and severity of poverty has worsened in 2023-24, meaning that poverty is more entrenched than at any time in the last six years," it said.

Faced with a widening armed resistance against its rule, Myanmar's junta earlier in 2024 announced a conscription plan to replenish its depleted military manpower.

"The announcement of mandated conscription in February 2024 has intensified migration to rural areas and abroad, leading to increased reports of labour shortages in some industries," the World Bank said.

The junta has also lost access to some key land borders with China and Thailand, leading to a sharp drop in overland trade.

"Excluding natural gas, exports through land borders declined by 44 per cent," the World Bank said. "Imports via land borders declined by half, accounting for 71 per cent of the decline in overall imports."

Overall, merchandise exports fell by 13 per cent and imports dropped by 20 per cent in the six months to March 2024, compared to the same period a year earlier, according to the World Bank.

Ongoing currency volatility, which the junta has attempted to control with a slew of arrests in recent weeks, and rapid inflation will put further pressure on households, it said.

Meanwhile, industries will have to cope with electricity and foreign currency shortages, with energy production expected to decline further, according to the World Bank.

"The economic outlook remains very weak, implying little respite for Myanmar's households over the near to medium term," it said.

ALSO READ:?Myanmar junta arrests dozens in bid to stabilise currency

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